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The Low-carbon Transport in Mobility Hubs project piloted products and services promoting a sustainable transport system in cooperation with companies. The project was implemented in Espoo, Turku, Tampere and Oulu. New services were created for mobility hubs in particular. Mobility hubs are centres of activity with large numbers of visitors and a robust public transport system, with recognised potential for developing various mobility services.

The organisations selected their own themes for the pilots. These themes included:

  • the development of travel chains
  • new mobility services
  • the development of the parking system
  • transport automation.

Results of the Low-carbon Transport in Mobility Hubs project

  • In Turku, the Low-carbon Transport in Mobility Hubs project conducted nine car parking pilots and five bicycle parking pilots (PDF). The project produced a report on the development path of autonomous public transport and a baseline data analysis on bicycle parking. A thesis was also written about a car parking pilot.
  • In Turku, the project determined the number and utilisation rate of private and public parking facilities and areas and made this information public to everyone.
  • During the project, the City of Turku set up the Urban Mobility Solutions unit to promote sustainable mobility together with companies and other interest groups.
  • In Espoo, the project conducted a car sharing pilot, which resulted in an increase in the number of shared cars.
  • In Espoo, the project piloted and prepared a report on short-distance robot buses as part of public transport.
  • In the Kauppi district of Tampere, the project prepared a plan on bicycle parking and a report on hazardous places for pedestrian and bicycle traffic.
  • In Tampere, the project piloted the use of the eParking application for reservation-based parking by the staff of Tampere University Hospital.
  • Employees of the Pirkanmaa Hospital District tested a car sharing system.
  • In Tampere, the project also conducted a pilot on a smart mobility service point. The concept tested in this pilot is currently being commercialised and expanded from Tampere to Helsinki, Oulu and Turku.
  • In Oulu, the project piloted the measurement of the utilisation rate of street parking, which will reduce the time it takes to look for a parking spot.
  • At the Kontinkangas Campus in Oulu, the project piloted a smart storage system that prevents bicycle theft.

Further information on the project on the City of Espoo pages:

The objective of the Low-carbon Transport in Mobility Hubs project was to generate information on services and business opportunities that reduce the demand for car traffic, in addition to promoting the creation of new market-based and customer-oriented transport services. Another objective was for the best transport services tested in the project to become permanent services at mobility hubs and be scaled for utilisation elsewhere in Finland and abroad. The project implemented the roadmap of the National Programme for Sustainable Growth in the Transport Sector in 2021–2023. The City of Espoo coordinated the project with Business Tampere, the City of Oulu, Turku University of Applied Sciences and the City of Turku as its partners. The project ran from 1 August 2019 to 31 January 2022 with a budget of EUR 1,927,797.

Photo: City of Turku

Further information

Juha Pulmuranta
City of Turku
+358 40 617 538, juha.pulmuranta(at)

Noora Salmela
Turku University of Applied Sciences
+358 40 355 0102, noora.salmela(at)

Jukka Reunavuori
Business Tampere
+358 40 637 8702, jukka.reunavuori(at)

Sami Puuperä
City of Oulu
tel. +358 50 523 4356, sami.puupera(at)